References and Further Reading 1. Biography and History Aristotle's life was primarily that of a scholar. However, like the other ancient philosophers, it was not the stereotypical ivory tower existence.
From Bevin to Blair Palgrave Macmillan, p. An Anthology of Liberty — Experiences from Around the World eds. Edward Elgar Publishingp.
In the same way, it is easier for left-wing governments to have mutual understanding with trade unions. Thomas Poguntke et al.: Donald Hancock et al.: It favored monarchism and deplored the Revolutions of and Ideas, Institutions, and Issues, 12th ed.
Monarchism is at the opposite end Politics debate essay the political spectrum After World War I, fascism supplanted monarchism as the principle ideology of the extreme Right. PaxtonThe Anatomy of Fascism, passim, e.
Supranationalism, Ethnoregionalism, Religion, and New Nationalism eds. Cambridge University Press, Regionalist parties on the extremes of left and right generally opposed integration, albeit for different reasons Duke University Press, The emergency of a variety of new social movements, particularly green and feminist movements, as well as revived regionalist movements, has prompted the major parties to compete with one another in seeking to incorporate their demands Harvard University Press,p.
Rather, nationalism is the doctrine of the right-wing that most easily co-opts the left.
Historically, liberals and radicals have been internationalists Liberal intellectuals have fought for freedom of movement, freedom from censorship, and world cultural exchange, and have condemned ethnocentrism and prejudice.
Right-wing nationalists, on the other hand, have glorified the unique heritage of their own ethnic group. The right has fought foreign influences that would undermine their historic religion, language, customs, or politics.
But the description of the left as open and internationalist and the right as closed and nationalist is misleadingly simple. Nationalism has always been the most popularly appealing element in right-wing doctrine.
As such it has been seduced and been adopted by the left. For most of that century, nationalism was associated with the revolutionary rhetoric of popular sovereignty and used most effectively by the left, which was out of power.
Brookings Institution Press,p. However, to argue that ecologism is unequivocal left-wing is not so easy. For instance, green politics is in principle adverse to anything but the most timid engineering of the social and natural world by human beings.Aristotle: Politics.
In his Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle ( B.C.E.) describes the happy life intended for man by nature as one lived in accordance with virtue, and, in his Politics, he describes the role that politics and the political community must play in bringing about the virtuous life in the citizenry.
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