Settlement[ edit ] The first white settlers of New Ulm,
Settlements of this time have been identified at the villages of Eggingen and Lehr, today districts of the city. In the city area of Ulm proper, the oldest find dates from the late Neolithic period.
Reichsstadt by Friedrich Barbarossa in Later, Ulm became a city of traders and craftsmen. One of the most important legal documents of the city, an agreement between the Ulm patricians and the trade guilds German: This document, considered an early city constitution, and the beginning of the construction of an enormous church Ulm Minster, financed by the inhabitants of Ulm themselves rather than by the church, demonstrate the assertiveness of Ulm's medieval citizens.
Ulm blossomed during the 15th and 16th centuries, mostly due to the export of high-quality textiles. The city was situated at the crossroads of important trade routes extending to Italy. During the ReformationUlm became Protestant New ulm singles the establishment of new trade routes following the discovery of the New World 16th century and the outbreak and consequences of the Thirty Years' War —48the city began to decline gradually.
Aroundit was alternately invaded several times by French and Bavarian soldiers. The capitulation of Ulm. General Mack and 23, Austrian troops surrendered to Napoleon. In the wars following the French Revolutionthe city was alternately occupied by French and Austrian forces, with the former ones destroying the city fortifications.
Init lost the status of Imperial City and was absorbed into Bavaria. During the campaign ofNapoleon managed to trap the invading Austrian army of General Mack and forced it to surrender in the Battle of Ulm.
In the midth century, the city was designated a fortress of the German Confederation with huge military construction works directed primarily against the threat of a French invasion. The city became an important centre of industrialisation in southern Germany in the second half of the 19th century, its built-up area now being extended beyond the medieval walls.
The construction of the huge minster, which had been interrupted in the 16th century for economic reasons, was resumed and eventually finished —91 in a wave of German national enthusiasm for the Middle Ages.
From toa concentration camp primarily for political opponents of the regime was established on the Kuhberg, one of the hills surrounding Ulm. The Jews of Ulm, around people, were first discriminated against and later persecuted; their synagogue was torn down after Kristallnacht in November The Gallwitz Barracks and several military hospitals were among 14 Wehrmacht establishments destroyed.
Ulm experienced substantial growth in the decades following World War II, with the establishment of large new housing projects and new industrial zones.
InUlm University was founded, which proved to be of great importance for the development of the city. Particularly since the s, the transition from classical industry towards the high-tech sector has accelerated, with, for example, the establishment of research centres of companies like DaimlerSiemens and Nokia and a number of small applied research institutes near the university campus.
The city today is still growing, forming a twin city ofinhabitants together with its neighbouring Bavarian city of Neu-Ulmand seems to benefit from its central position between the cities of Stuttgart and Munich and thus between the cultural and economic hubs of southern Germany.Search the world's information, including webpages, images, videos and more.
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