Student Answers gsenviro Student One of the biggest contributions of Gandhi to India was, of course, its independence. Gandhi led the Congress party and the country against the British and used the concepts of civil disobedience and non-violence to drive the colonists out. He is also known as the Father of the nation.
During her first year in office, she visited Washington, D.
Trying to defuse Sikh agitation, moreover, and as a reward for Sikh military service in the Kashmir war, she granted the long-standing Sikh demand of a Punjabi suba statewhich required partition of the existing state of Punjab but left its newly designed capital of Chandigarh as shared administrative headquarters of the new states of Punjabwith a Sikh majority, and Haryanawith a slight Hindu majority.
Although the Congress Partywith seats of in the Lok Sabhawas still considerably larger than any of the various left- and right-wing opposition parties—none of which had gained more than 44 seats—her overall majority in the chamber was reduced from some which she had inherited to fewer than The Congress Party, moreover, lost most of the more than 3, elective seats in the state assemblies, and Gandhi felt obliged to invite Morarji Desai into her cabinet as deputy prime minister and finance minister.
For president, she backed her own candidate, Vice President V. The Bangladesh war In December Pakistan held general elections, its first since independence.
At the end of Marchafter failed negotiations in Gandhis impact Mujib demanded virtual independence for East Pakistan, Yahya Khan ordered a military massacre in Dhaka Dacca and other locations in East Pakistan.
In a last-ditch but futile effort to support Pakistan, a nuclear-armed aircraft carrier of the U. Pacific Fleet was sent to the Bay of Bengalostensibly to evacuate civilians from Dhaka, but the war ended before any such assistance could be rendered. Pakistan subsequently forged stronger ties with China and with Muslim countries to the west but found itself further diminished as a potential challenge to Indian hegemony over South Asia.
She was viewed as a brilliant military strategist and diplomat, and her popularity was never greater than in the years immediately after that brief December war. The mass movement gathered momentum throughout the first half of and reached its climax that June, when the Congress Party lost a crucial by-election in Gujarat and Gandhi herself was found guilty by the High Court in Allahabad Uttar Pradesh of several counts of election malpractice during the last campaign for her Lok Sabha seat.
The mandatory penalty for that crime was exclusion from holding any elective office for six years from the date of conviction. Following instead the advice of her ambitious and energetic younger son, Sanjayon June 26,Gandhi persuaded President Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed to declare a national emergency, which empowered her to do whatever she considered best for the country for at least six months.
She then blacked out the entire region of Delhi in which the press was published and appointed Sanjay as her trusted personal censor of all future news leaders and editorials.
Her minister of information and broadcasting, Inder K. Gujralimmediately resigned rather than accept orders from Sanjay, who held no elective office at the time but who clearly was becoming one of the most powerful persons in India.
Gandhi announced her Twenty-Point Program soon after the emergency was proclaimed, and most points were aimed at reducing inflation and energizing the economy by punishing tax evaders, black marketers, smugglers, and other real criminals.
Prices did come down, production indexes rose dramatically, and even the monsoon proved cooperative by bringing abundant rains on time for two years in a row. At the same time, however, popular discontent was fostered by some of the emergency acts, such as a freeze on wage increases, pressure for increased worker disciplineand a birth-control program initiated by Sanjay that mandated sterilization for families with more than two children.
It was perhaps because of the economic gains that the prime minister decided early in to call general elections, but she may also have believed what she read about herself in her controlled press or feared a military coup had she simply refused to seek a civil mandate for her policies.
Most of their loyal followers also lost their electoral contests, and the Congress Party was reduced to just seats, 92 of which were from four of the southern states.
The Janata interlude and the return of Indira Gandhi At the age of 80, Desai took the post of prime minister. Freedom did return, however, including laissez-faire in all its worst forms, and inflation soon escalated, as did smuggling, black-marketing, and every form of corruption endemic to any poor country with underpaid bureaucrats and undereducated police.
Even the rains failed Desai, whose high-spending regime soon used up the substantial surplus in food grains that Gandhi had amassed in new storage facilities. Politically, perhaps the worst error made by Desai was to insist on punishing Indira Gandhi and Sanjay Gandhi, both of whom were accused of many crimes, none of which would be easy to prove in any Indian court.
In November Indira Gandhi had again been elected to the Lok Sabha, but this time as a member of the Congress I Party the I stood for Indirawhich she and her supporters had formed that year. She was expelled from the Lok Sabha the following month and then briefly imprisoned, but this action brought a strong backlash of sympathy for her from millions of Indians, many of whom a year earlier had feared her as a tyrant.
In mid-JulyDesai resigned rather than face a no-confidence motion that had been tabled in the Lok Sabha and would easily have passed. Charan Singh was then selected prime minister, but just a few weeks later he too resigned. Neelam Sanjiva Reddywho had been elected president incalled for new elections and dissolved parliament in the winter of In Junehowever, Sanjay Gandhi was killed in the crash of a new stunt plane he was flying.
Indira Gandhi, who seemed never fully to recover from the loss of Sanjay, immediately recruited her elder son, Rajivinto political life.Gandhi’s impact has always been most evident in the pacifist sector of the U.S.
Prior to World War II his appeal was in the world of ideas. He was a symbol of dedicated action, of a possible alternative to violent means of political and social change. What effect did Gandhi have on India?
print Print; document PDF; I would think that the major impact that Gandhi had on India was to help the country get its independence. without Gandhi's.
Mahatma Gandhi's Impact on the World Gandhi was the main inspiration for Martin Luther King Jr. in peaceful non-violent protesting. In the spring of , Martin Luther King Jr. . Gandhi quickly became a leader within the Indian National Congress, a growing political party supporting independence, and traveled widely with the party to learn about the local struggles of.
Gandhi's Impact on Society Brianna Flynn: Period 1 How has Gandhi socially impacted India? Purpose Gandhi was an inspirational leader that altered the lives of . Gandhi's Impact on Society Brianna Flynn: Period 1 How has Gandhi socially impacted India?
Purpose Gandhi was an inspirational leader that altered the lives of .