Essay on Food Safety Nowadays people are getting more and more concerned about their health. It is not a secret that the proper nutrition is one of the major conditions of a good health. This is why restaurants where the vast majority of the population has meals regularly should provide their customers with a really safe food. Nevertheless, there are restaurants which are really dirty and, therefore, do not guarantee the safety of food.
Animated video to underline Conclusion for food sanitation importance of sanitation here with a focus on toilets on public health in developing countries The World Health Organization defines the term "sanitation" as follows: The word 'sanitation' also refers to the maintenance of hygienic conditions, through services such as garbage collection and wastewater disposal.
Excreta management systems, wastewater management systems included here are wastewater treatment plantssolid waste management systems, drainage systems for rainwater, also called stormwater drainage. There are some variations on the use of the term "sanitation" between countries.
For example, hygiene promotion is seen by some as an integral part of sanitation. For this reason, the Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council defines sanitation as "The collection, transport, treatment and disposal or reuse of human excretadomestic wastewater and solid waste, and associated hygiene promotion.
Purposes[ edit ] The overall purposes of sanitation are to provide a healthy living environment for everyone, to protect the natural resources such as surface watergroundwatersoiland to provide safety, security and dignity for people when they defecate or urinate. It is derived from the human right to an adequate standard of living.
Maintaining and sustaining sanitation has aspects that are technological, institutional and social in nature. Sanitation infrastructure has to be adapted to several specific contexts including consumers' expectations and local resources available.
Sanitation technologies may involve centralized civil engineering structures like sewer systemssewage treatmentsurface runoff treatment and solid waste landfills. These structures are designed to treat wastewater and municipal solid waste.
Sanitation technologies may also take the form of relatively simple onsite sanitation systems. This can in some cases consist of a simple pit latrine or other type of non-flush toilet for the excreta management part. Providing sanitation to people requires attention to the entire system, not just focusing on technical aspects such as the toiletfecal sludge management or the wastewater treatment plant.
All need to be thoroughly considered. Shower, double-vault urine-diverting dry toilet UDDT and waterless urinal in LimaPeru The term sanitation is connected with various descriptors or adjectives to signify certain types of sanitation systems which may deal only with human excreta management or with the entire sanitation system, i.
Basic sanitation[ edit ] InJMP defined a new term: This is defined as the use of improved sanitation facilities that are not shared with other households.
A lower level of service is now called "limited sanitation service" which refers to use of improved sanitation facilities that are shared between two or more households.
Container-based sanitation Container-based sanitation CBS refers to a sanitation system where human excreta is collected in sealable, removable containers or cartridges that are transported to treatment facilities.
With suitable development, support and functioning partnerships, CBS can be used to provide low-income urban populations with safe collection, transport and treatment of excrement at a lower cost than installing and maintaining sewers.
Community-led total sanitation[ edit ] Main article: Community-led total sanitation Community-Led Total Sanitation CLTS is an approach to achieve behavior change in mainly rural people by a process of "triggering", leading to spontaneous and long-term abandonment of open defecation practices.
CLTS takes an approach to rural sanitation that works without hardware subsidies and that facilitates communities to recognize the problem of open defecation and take collective action to clean up and become "open defecation free".
Dry sanitation[ edit ] The term "dry sanitation" is not in widespread use and is not very well defined. It usually refers to a system that uses a type of dry toilet and no sewers to transport excreta. Often when people speak of "dry sanitation" they mean a sanitation system that uses urine-diverting dry toilet UDDTs.
Ecological sanitation Ecological sanitationwhich is commonly abbreviated to ecosan, is an approach, rather than a technology or a device which is characterized by a desire to "close the loop" mainly for the nutrients and organic matter between sanitation and agriculture in a safe manner.
Put in other words: When properly designed and operated, ecosan systems provide a hygienically safe, economical, and closed-loop system to convert human excreta into nutrients to be returned to the soil, and water to be returned to the land. Ecosan is also called resource-oriented sanitation.
Emergency sanitation Emergency sanitation is required in situations including natural disasters and relief for refugees and Internally Displaced Persons IDPs. Immediate, short term and long term.Summary reports.
A summary of the results is published within a few weeks of a JECFA meeting. Specifications for the identity and purity of food additives and flavourings developed at JECFA meetings are published in the Compendium of Food Additive Specifications in the FAO JECFA Monographs series.
Describe general food-handling and storage procedures Describe the procedures for maintaining workplace sanitation and personal hygiene This material is intended as a review of food safety regulations and principles and not a replacement for required food safety training or certification.
Food Hygiene Conclusion. Food Hygiene & Sanitation. mishandling of the suspect food occurred within which of the following stages?
a. Transportation b.
Retail food establishment c. Food manufacturing d. Food production (farms, ranches, etc) 4. If a utensil is sanitized it: a. Food sanitation - refers to the hygienic measures for ensuring food safety. Environmental sanitation - the control o environmental factors that form links in disease transmission.
Subsets of this category are solid waste management, water and wastewater treatment, . Essay on Food Safety Nowadays people are getting more and more concerned about their health.
It is not a secret that the proper nutrition is one of the major conditions of a good health. Graduate Theses and Dissertations Iowa State University Capstones, Theses and Dissertations Three essays on food safety and foodborne illness.