These expeditions were sent to create much-needed maps of the West African coast, to defeat the Muslims, to spread Christianity, and to establish trade routes. This successful attack in inspired Prince Henry to explore Africa, most of which was unknown to Europeans. Prince Henry was determined to see Portuguese sailors sail down the west coast of Africa to find the limits of the Muslim world in order to defeat the Muslimsand to find the legendary Christian empire of the priest-king Prester John who did not, in fact, exist.
In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Yet Gama's breakthrough was neither surprising nor particularly sudden, for it came as the climax of a long, cumulative process of voyaging and exploration that had been set in motion some eight or nine decades before, in the early years of the 15th century.
The person long regarded as most responsible for this process was Prince Henry, third son of King John I of Portugal, generally referred to in Anglophone historiography as Henry the Navigator.
Henry is traditionally considered to have had more influence on the direction of world history than any other Portuguese, and he is certainly the best-known individual from his nation who has ever lived.
Henry's involvement in voyages of exploration began as a by-product of a great amphibious expedition mounted in by John I against the Moroccan port city of Ceuta. While Portuguese fishermen seeking to exploit the rich fishing grounds off North Africa and Portuguese corsairs cruising in search of Muslim shipping to prey upon had probably already gained some experience of sailing in these waters before this major expedition, it was only in its aftermath that systematic, organized Portuguese voyaging off Atlantic Africa commenced.
Ceuta, located on the African side of the narrow Straits of Gibraltar, was only a short sea passage from Portugal. It was both the hub of a flourishing agricultural region, and a well-known trading center serving as a clearinghouse for exotic goods from trans-Saharan and Near East caravans.
Some Portuguese merchants also saw Ceuta as a potential source of wheat, which Portugal did not produce in abundance and therefore needed to import. Nevertheless, recent historiography has tended to view the main impetus for the expedition as coming less from the mercantile sector than from the Portuguese service nobility supported by elements from within the clergy.
These groups saw attacking Ceuta as an extension of Iberia's long tradition of Reconquest—a new stage in the war against Islam. In any event, in the Portuguese duly succeeded in occupying the city, and a long and draining period of Portuguese territorial involvement in Morocco then followed.
Soon after the conquest of Ceuta, Prince Henry, who had been one of the expedition's most active participants and who remained a dedicated proponent of Portuguese expansion in Morocco for the rest of his life, began to sponsor voyages of exploration southward along the Moroccan Atlantic coast.
The common assumption that, in doing this, Henry was specifically trying to reach the Indian Ocean by sailing around the southern tip of Africa, is not borne out by the evidence.
Henry's economic agenda in sponsoring Atlantic voyages was developed over time, in response to opportunities as they arose. His earliest expeditions, beginning in the late teens of the 15th century, were primarily corsair ventures; but the emphasis soon shifted to slave raiding, particularly in the Canary Islands, where the native Guanches were If you would like to authenticate using a different subscribed institution that supports Shibboleth authentication or have your own login and password to Project MUSE, click 'Authenticate'.
You are not currently authenticated. View freely available titles:Prince Henry the Navigator (), Royal Patron of Explorers, was a Portuguese royal prince, soldier, and patron of explorers. Henry sent many sailing expeditions down Africa's west coast, but did not go on them himself.
The future King Henry IV was born at Bolingbroke Castle in around April , he was the son of John of Gaunt and Blanche Plantagenet, daughter and heiress of Henry of Grosmont, Duke of Lancaster, who was himself the descendant of Edmund Crouchback, Earl of Lancaster, the second son of Henry III.
Quiz worksheet prince henry of portugal study com print biography facts worksheet. Portuguese interactive worksheets worksheet e naomero.
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|Prince Henry the Navigator||Tip Wild Christopher Columbus Biography Columbus, ChristopherItalian Spanish navigator who sailed west across the Atlantic Ocean in search of a route to Asia but achieved fame by making landfall in the Americas instead.|
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|See a Problem?||Royal Patron of Explorers Prince Henry Henrique the Navigator was a Portuguese royal prince, soldier, and patron of explorers. Henry sent many sailing expeditions down Africa's west coast, but did not go on them himself.|
Henry the Navigator Infante Dom Henrique, duke of Viseu, generally known in English as Henry the Navigator, a prince of Portugal, looms large as an important figure in the early days of European colonial expansion. Henry IV Part 2: Theme Analysis, Free Study Guides and book notes including comprehensive chapter analysis, complete summary analysis, author biography information, character profiles, theme analysis, metaphor analysis, and top ten quotes on classic literature.
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